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Biological impairment in Kansas reservoirs and lotic ecosystems due to erosion and sediment

2009 to 2012
Primary Contact: 
Research Location: 
Banner Creek, Centralia, and Atchison Lakes


In 2010 CPCB sampled Banner Creek, Centralia, and Atchison Lakes to quantify biological impairments and assess losses related to erosion and sedimentation. This is part of the Sediment Baseline work group effort that is coordinated by the Kansas Water Office. Banner Creek Lake has a lower sedimentation rate than the other two lakes and thus serves as a reference waterbody. At a limited number of sites in all three impoundments and the primary tributaries draining to each, we collected biological and physiochemical data including macroinvertebrates, velocity, in situ chemistry, TSS, VSS, TN, TP, and chlorophyll a. We will also evaluate habitat using the Habitat Development Index (HDI) and the Ohio EPA's Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index (click and scroll to QHEI section).

Click to download the 2002-2003 compatible MSAccess database (1.8 mb).


Draft Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP)

Table 1. Locations of stream sites. Click the USGS gaging station to see real-time water data.

Lake Site Code Location Latitude Longitude Transect Description
Banner Banner Creek B1 upper 39.44754 -95.81076 1 Downstream from USGS 392652095484100 (BA1). Follow foot path east side of road M.
Banner Banner Creek B2 middle 39.44747 -95.81005 1 same
Banner Banner Creek B3 lower 39.44709 -95.80898,/td> 1 same
Centralia Black Vermillion C1 upper 39.69001 -96.12675 6 Downstream of USGS 394126096073500 (CE1).
Centralia Black Vermillion C2 middle 39.69060 -96.12693 1 same
Atchison Clear Creek A1 only 39.63734 -95.43303 5 Upstream of USGS 393817095260100 (CL1), between 326th and Decatur Rds.

Table 2. Number of samples in the lakes and their tributaries. One-liter water samples will be returned to the CPCB lab for processing of TSS, VSS, TN, TP, and chlorophyll a. Subsamples (surface, 15 cm, 30 cm and 1 m, if possible) of the lake core samples will be analyzed for particle size, bulk density and TP and TN.

Lake in situ lake chemistry Secchi depth 1-l lake surface 1-l lake bottom if stratified Zooplankton tow in lake Phytoplankton (1-liter) in lake Sediment lake cores Stream samples (1-liter)
Banner 10 10 2 1 1 1 2 3
Centralia 10 10 2 1 1 1 2 2
Atchison 10 10 1 1 1 1 1 1

V* methods - spreadsheets available at Pacific Southwest Research Station

Hilton, Sue; Lisle, Thomas E. 1993. Measuring the fraction of pool volume filled with fine sediment. Res. Note PSW-RN- 414. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. 11 p.

Lisle, Thomas E., Hilton, Sue. 1992. The volume of fine sediment in pools: an index of sediment supply in gravel-bed streams. Water Resources Bulletin. 28(2):371-383.

Lisle, Thomas E., Hilton, Sue. 1999. Fine bed material in pools of natural gravel bed channels. Water Resources Research. 35(4):1291-1304.

Reedy, Gary. 2005. V* as an index of sediment impairment to stream habitat in the Arroyo Corte Madera Del Presidio Watershed Marin County, California. Prepared for Mill Valley Streamkeepers. 7pp.

Analysis, Results, or Reports

For further information, please contact Debbie Baker.

Sedimentation in Our Reservoirs: Causes and Solutions (3.7MB, Kansas Water Resources Institute): See Effects of Sedimentation on Biological Resources, Donald G. Huggins, Robert C. Everhart, Andrew Dzialowski, James Kriz, Debra S. Baker.


Atchison County Lake showing USGS gaging stations ATL and CL1 and CPCB's (pink) and KWO’s (yellow) survey reaches on Clear Creek.

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